Rufous-necked Hornbill

The rufous-necked hornbill  is a species of hornbill in Bhutan, northeastern India, especially in Arunachal Pradesh, Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Feeds mainly on berries and other fruits.

Wild Edible Mushrooms of Velvandi Valley

Out of 3.8 million species of fungi on planet Earth, only 20,000 produce mushrooms. From which, only 600 are edible. The edible mushrooms, one of the superfoods, play an important role in food security & nutritional needs of humanity. Not only that, some of these species are incredibly tasty. Our valley hosts many different species... Continue Reading →

European Honey Buzzard

The European honey buzzard, also known as the pern or common pern, is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae. The European honey buzzard is a summer migrant to a relatively small area in the western Palearctic. It is a specialist feeder, living mainly on the larvae and nests of wasps and hornets, although it will take small mammals, reptiles, and birds.

Great black-backed Gull

The Great Black-backed Gull is the largest member of the gull family. Described by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology as "the king of the Atlantic waterfront", it is a very aggressive hunter, pirate, and scavenger. Primary prey is fish. It is the apex predator of its domain.

Shaheen Falcon

The shaheen falcon is a non-migratory subspecies of the peregrine falcon found mainly in the Indian subcontinent. Shaheens mostly hunt small birds, though medium-sized birds such as pigeons and parrots are also taken. Strong and fast, they dive from great heights to strike prey with their talons. If the impact does not kill the prey, the falcon bites the neck of its victim to ensure death.

Sarus Crane

The Sarus Crane is a large nonmigratory crane found in parts of the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and Australia. The main breeding season is during the rainy season, when the pair builds an enormous nest "island". The species is venerated in India, and legend has it that the poet Valmiki cursed a hunter for killing a sarus crane and was then inspired to write the epic Ramayana.

Rufous Hornero

The Rufous Hornero is a medium-sized ovenbird in the family Furnariidae. It occurs in eastern South America, and is the national bird of Argentina and Uruguay. Predators of adult and young rufous horneros include birds of prey such as the black-chested buzzard-eagle Buteo melanoleucus, small mammals, domestic cats, and a number of species of snakes and possibly lizards. However, its covered nest probably reduces predation risk.

Cassin’s Hawk-Eagle

Cassin's hawk-eagle,  or Cassin's eagle, is a relatively small eagle in the family Accipitridae. Their comprises of squirrels, small birds and rodents. It mimics larger birds of prey. It even mobs other raptors. It is found in central, western and eastern rainforest region of Africa.

Satin Bowerbird

The satin bowerbird is a bowerbird endemic to eastern Australia. They predominantly frugivorous as adults, though they also eat leaves and a small amount of seeds and insects. Males build specialised stick structures, called bowers, which they decorate with blue, yellow, and shiny objects, including berries, flowers, snail shells, and plastic items such as ballpoint pens, drinking straws and clothes pegs. Male satin bowerbirds are known to destroy and steal from the bowers of one another.

Cooper’s Hawk

Cooper's hawk is a medium-sized hawk native to the North American continent and found from southern Canada to Mexico. Cooper's hawks are known as bold and aggressive predators. This predator is known to consume vertebrate prey almost exclusively. Birds are by far the leading prey for Cooper's hawks in most areas.

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