Here are some fantastic fruit plants that you can grow easily in Velvandi Valley. These plants are native to the region & grow with minimum inputs.
They play a key part in local food security & nutritional needs.
Elaeagnus Latifolia (आंबगूळ)
Its an evergreen shrub, often climbing on to other plants. They are found on the edges of well wooded areas. The flowers have distinguished sweet & somewhat fermented smell – you won’t miss it during pre-winter (हेमंत) & winter seasons.
E. latifolia shares a symbiotic relationship with soil-dwelling bacteria that perform nitrogen fixation. An excellent companion plant, when grown in orchards it can increase yields from the fruit trees by up to 10%.
The ripe fruit is pulpy with a sweet and slightly sour taste. The fruit contains several “good” fatty acids, and was investigated for possible use against cancer.
Carissa Carandas (करवंद)
It is a climbing thorny shrub. Flowering starts in March. The flowers are small, fragrant & white in color.
Fruits are rich in iron & Vitamin C. It is used in pickle, jam, jelly & wine.
It is a thorny shrub & ideal for hedges.
Artocarpus Heterophyllus (Jackfruit, फणस)
A mature jack tree produces 200 fruits per year, with older trees bearing up to 500 fruits in a year.
The seeds from ripe fruits are edible once cooked. They may be boiled, baked, or roasted. When roasted, the flavor of the seeds is comparable to chestnuts. Seeds are used as snacks (either by boiling or fire-roasting) or to make desserts.
Green fruit is used as plant based meat for it’s meat like texture & mild taste. The flavor of the ripe fruit is comparable to a combination of apple, pineapple, mango, and banana. Fruiting during summer.
Ziziphus Rugosa (तोरण)
It is a small tree or straggling shrub. Flowering & fruiting from December-May.
It possess some interesting medicinal values. Read more at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/345357521_Review_article_for_on_rugosa
Garcinia Indica (कोकम)
Kokum, is a beautiful fruit-bearing tree that has culinary, pharmaceutical, and industrial uses.
IUCN has put it under Vulnerable list.
Psidium Guajava (Guava, पेरु)
Guava is an edible fruit, and can be eaten raw or cooked. The processing of the fruits yields by-products that can be fed to livestock. The leaves can also be used as fodder.
Because of its high level of pectin, guavas are extensively used to make candies, preserves, jellies, jams, and marmalades.
Guava leaves & wood are used in barbeques across US & South America.
Phyllanthus Emblica (Indian Gooseberry, आवळा)
Amla fruit is consumed in multiple forms – raw, pickled, candied.
All parts of the plant are used in various Ayurvedic medicine herbal preparations, including the fruit, seed, leaves, root, bark and flowers.
Meyna Laxiflora (अलु)
Meyna laxiflora is a small tree with greenish-yellow flowers. The fruits of the tree are round, fleshy, and edible. The ripe fruit is sliced, sprinkled with salt & sun dried.
It has traditional importance for its medicinal uses.
It flowers in January to March.
Syzygium Cumini (जांभूळ)
It can reach heights of up to 30 metres (98 ft) and can live more than 100 years. Found near river banks.
It’s fruit, bark & leaves have medicinal significance.
Flower blooms during April to May. Fruit ripe during June to July.
Cardia Dichotoma (भोकर)
It is a small size deciduous tree.
The immature fruits are pickled and are also used as a vegetable. The leaves also yield good fodder. The seed kernel has medicinal properties.